Highly Effective Thermal Management for Battery Systems
Environmental pollution concerns and high fuel cost is driving the car industry towards Electric Vehicle (EV). Li-ion cell is a common adopted energy source for EV. However, Li-ion cells required proper temperature control to function properly. A key factor that affects the battery is temperature.
< 0°C: difficult or impossible for charging
>60°C: difficult for discharging and risk of degradation, shortened service life
>70°C ~ 90°C: will trigger a self-heating reaction with internal cell faults with risk of thermal runaway, presenting safety hazards.
Most Li-ion battery achieves their rated capacity at 20~25°C and their capacity will drop ~10% for every increase of 10°C. Regulating the battery temperature during continuous charge and discharge is a challenge, especially in temperate climates.
Existing cooling solutions consist of the battery modules sitting on or attached to heat sinks that are in turn cooled by a coolant loop. The drawbacks are that the cooling efficiency is low, and the effectiveness is poor, since only a small part of each module receives the cooling effect. Besides, heat sinks are generally thick and heavy due to the coolant loop. The result is that temperatures will differ from module to module, cell to cell. Even within the same cell, different regions may have different temperatures.
Battery packs used in EVs are constrained by space and weight, so cooling systems for the battery packs must be compact and lightweight, and yet meeting the cooling requirements.
Our patent granted technology is able to carry coolant to each individual cell in a compact structure. This ensures consistency and uniformity of heat transfer from each cell in a battery pack, extending their lifespan and safety by allowing them to operate in their optimum temperature range (10 ~ 35°C), Charging and discharging can also take place in all ambient temperature.