Bio-based and Biodegradable Alternative to Fossil-based Plastics




The Problem The plastic crisis and its harmful effects on every aspect of the planet, needs no elaboration. Less than 10% of the plastic that is used in the world is recycled the rest ends up polluting the environment and our natural resources (parks, oceans, rivers, incineration, etc.). This situation heavily affects the entire planet’s ecological systems. The Solution A unique biopolymer, an optimal plastic alternative, produced from a ubiquitous and naturally grown sea algae. The core process, using a stream of raw material from the separation of the algae, includes precise fermentation process. The polymer [Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate – PHBV] is durable, fully bio-based and fully biodegradable. Zero terrestrial resources, zero waste and no treated water are amongst the most impactful distinctions of this technology. Fully biological, environmentally friendly, continuous production processes, contributing towards improving greenhouse gases emission, reducing energy costs, rehabilitating marine life are amongst the greatest features. To further improve the process there are plans to develop a patented electro-mechanical device for efficient dewatering, de-ashing and separation of the marine biomass to optimise production yield and reduce pre-treatment costs. These technologies effectively provide unified, end-to-end solutions for today’s plastic alternatives biggest holdbacks: terrestrial scalability limitations, logistic transition, and recycling requirements. Corporations can seamlessly fulfil consumer demands, improving public image, decreasing carbon footprint, while aligning with current consumer habits and demands: Adapting to existing supply chain machinery Price will provide customers with a seamless transition End products maintaining the same look & feel Removing recycling costs, limitations and restrictions


Technologies and features Algae pre-treatment device – a patented dewatering, de-ashing and separation device (DDS) for pre-treatment and extraction of components from marine biomass with an emerging, non-thermal, and environmentally friendly technology using pulsed electric field (PEF). Precise fermentation – production of marine-based biodegradable polymers, which can be used as plastic alternatives in a process that does not require utilisation of fresh/treated water. In addition, biopolymer (PHBV) extraction process does not use dangerous chemicals, as used in industry today. Continuous fermentation system and thus will be more cost effective in comparison with current controlled closed fermenters. By-products – Process includes multiple streams of valuable by-products, such as protein, cellulose, etc. Polymers and compounds – The process outcome is a variety of durable and fully biodegradable PHBV biological polymers. These base polymers offer optimal flexibility on compounding that can be applied on today's existing production processes. In addition, it will provide a seamless solution for the producers as it can be used in today’s inline production with no need for costly modifications. Circular positive effect – Fully biological, environmentally friendly process, producing a fully biodegradable solution, zero waste, contributing towards improving greenhouse gas emissions, reducing energy costs and carbon footprint, and many others. Biodegradability – the final products are fully biodegradable in any environment, and do not require any external catalysts nor any specific environment conditions.


The plastic commodities market is targeted to be over $600B USD in 2022, out of which about 60% is used for disposable/single-use-plastics. The initial focus is the disposable plastics market, which is the core of plastic pollution issues and requires immediate solutions for governments and companies around the world. Targeted industries for the PHBV pellets: Food & beverage manufacturers Healthcare and cosmetics manufacturers Medical devices companies Packaging, labels, disposable, single use plastic products, e.g. companies who use plastic pellets as a part of its process Compounding and blending companies Producers of fossil-fuel based plastic pellets and powders (the raw material) – targeting to provide a solution that will allow these companies to replace their existing manufacturing to the production of these biopolymers. Targeted industries for the de-watering, de-ashing and separation (DDS) device: Manufacturers of biopolymer products Manufacturers that process biomass, e.g. animal food, pharma, food companies, etc. Targeted industries for by-products: Producers of animal food, food supplements, food colorants, cosmetics, etc.


Producer’s perspective: Seamless transition to bioplastic, adopting to existing production lines Scalable to supply global demand Use of sea water (salted), reduce energy costs Biomass that does not compete with arable land Similar price compared to fossil-fuel based plastics Sustainable solution Fully bio-based and fully biodegradable Varied polymers with different final characterisation Reduced energy costs of the process with DDS device Free from chemicals, pollutants and hazardous materials in the processes Environmentally friendly – reduced carbon footprint Consumer’s perspective: No change in product price Similar look and feel to today's plastics – agnostic to the end user Fully bio-based and fully biodegradable Eliminating need for recycling, removing recycling costs