Meeting Stringent Fire Safety Standards with a New Eco-Benign Polymer/Enabler


Materials - Plastics & Elastomers
Materials - Composites
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Inorganic Polymer Aqueous Solution (IPAS) technology is more than just a flame retardant (FR). Conventional FR incorporated materials, when exposed to fire, burn and diminish once the source is removed. These agents merely improve resistance to ignition and they slow down flame spread with limited incombustible capabilities. Smoke generation is another concern. To this end, IPAS technology provides absolute fire insulation via an oxygen barrier without posing any harm to humans and the environment.
While conventional FR systems may fulfill statutory fire safety requirements, they come under scrutiny from various agencies for their environmental and health hazards. Furthermore, FR industry had a tainted history of substituting one toxin with another, when faced with claims of undesirable side effects. In response, new non-toxic nano-materials have been developed, showing great potential towards fire/flame resistance on the laboratory scale. However, there are workplace safety concerns regarding long-term contact with nano-particles and their present cost is prohibitive. All these factors inhibit their uptake in commercial FR applications. IPAS technology addresses these problems.
As an eco-benign FR enabler, only readily available and renewable inorganic ingredients are used, which makes fire protection eco-friendly, sustainable and cost effective. Being an adaptable product that can take on multiple forms (liquid, powder, etc.), it can be incorporated as the main component of many FR systems, namely - wood, textile, paper, metal and plastics, providing exceptional fire/thermal resistance—incombustibility—with no harmful vapour emissions. This technology can be easily scaled-up, to greatly improve the safety of lives and assets.


IPAS technology offers the following features:

  • Forms transparent and multi-layered films along with intumescent and endothermic effects
  • Cured film/coating demonstrates superior thermal/oxygen barrier performance and higher FR properties than conventional organic based coatings/materials
  • Has been reliably tested under continuous exposure to fire at 1,000°C, with minimal shrinkage and negligible emissions or discharges
  • Easy application and compatible with a wide range of industrial substrates
  • Wood panels treated with IPAS has passed Japanese cone calorimeter test for incombustibility
  • Lightweight polymer foam imbedded with IPAS has been tested to withstand flame of 1,000°C for a considerable time without combustion nor releasing a huge amount of smoke


Potential applications for this technology include (but are not limited to):

  • High fire rated products made of wood, textile, paper or other cellulose fibres
  • Structural laminated woods (e.g. cross-laminated timber-CLT, glued laminated timber-GLULAM, marine plywood, etc.) and other building materials for fire protection and anti-termite properties
  • Metal substrates (steel and aluminium) treatment (for fire protection and prolonged exposure to harsh temperature)
  • Fire/heat resistant adhesives/putties for land-based, marine or aerospace applications
  • Refractory materials in boiler/incinerator/hot blast stove (energy saving by preventing heat transmission/loss)
  • Non-toxic FR enabler for plastic composites (polyurethane-PU, epoxy, etc.)


IPAS offers a novel alternative technology for fire protection at ultra-severe temperatures with the following advantages:

  • Renewable and environmentally friendly
  • Almost no health hazards and emits no harmful vapours
  • Versatile and has a wide range of applications
  • Incombustible even at prolonged ultra-high temperatures
  • Relatively inexpensive

With the increasing enforcement of new global regulations and green initiatives in flame retardant matters, IPAS will prove to be a good solution to various industrial needs.

In short, we provide a cool answer to hot problems!

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