This green technology describes the biotechnological production of chitin and chitosan from shrimp shell waste. Shrimp shells harbor several useful molecules like proteins, calcium carbonate, chitin and carotenoids. Unlike other forms of biomass, chitin and chitosan (deacetylated chitin) contains nitrogen which are excellent resources for the production of a series of valuable nitrogen-containing chemicals. Current methods for separation of these useful molecules from shrimp shell waste employ harsh conditions which are destructive, wasteful, expensive and hazardous to the environment. A sustainable biological fractionation method that avoids corrosive or hazardous reagents and minimizes waste is needed to establish profitable and sustainable shell refinery.
This technology consists of a series of proprietary steps to prepare and functionalize the chitin from sea food waste.
The chitin and chitosan extracted are applicable in the following industries:
The products extracted from the biotechnological refinery of shrimp shell waste can be used for:
Research collaboration is available with the use of this technology to extract products from shrimp shell waste. The global market for Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives market is forecasted to reach 155.5 thousand metric tons by 2022. (Source: Global Industry Analysts, Inc)
The benefits from using this biological fractionation method includes