About two decades after its first proof-of-concept, 3D concrete printing is on the threshold to become more matured. It provides new opportunities such as higher degree of architectural freedom, lower costs due to a lack of scaffold, less labour intensive manpower and less material required. To achieve these, the print processes need to be more robust. Therefore, there is increasing demand to develop new generation of thixotropic material that can retain its shape after extrusion.
The 3D printable geopolymer cement is a novel technology developed that uses industry by-products such as fly ash, slag, silica fume etc. The motivation behind using different by-products rather than Ordinary Portland Cement is to provide sustainable, faster and more economical urban infrastructure. It is proven that this technology is able to meet the strength requirements for various non-structural applications, reduces material wastages and construction time.
The technology comprises of the following processes and steps:
Potential applications for this technology, but not limited to, is as follows:
In 2017, the global geopolymer market was estimated at more than USD 3200 million and is set to grow to at a CAGR of about 37% over the next 5 years. Market segmentation according to end-user application revealed that in 2017, the buildings segment dominated the global geopolymer market with about a 20% market share.