In order to substantially produce a great amount of energy in place of fossil fuels, efforts of increasing and ensuring continuous plant biomass production are generally necessary. For this purpose, research on how cambium greatly influences secondary growth, vascular tissue development, and a growth regulatory mechanism is necessary.
Also, if the plant flowering is delayed/blocked, or transporting cytokinin from the roots to the aerial parts is promoted, the overall development of the aerial parts (the leaf size of the plant, the stem length and thickness (development of xylem and phloem), the biomass and the size and number of seeds) can be effectively facilitated or controlled.
The present technology portfolio is related to a strong tool to increase biomass production and crop yield. The technology uses gene insertion and gene silencing methods to increase biomass of crops.
The technology consists of the insertion and modification of a series of genes which induce the increased production of biomass in food crops, vegetable crops, special crops and fruit trees. The genes used are plant based and not considered foreign DNA. The technology has wide applications and modifications to specific parts of the plants such as seeds with higher seed oil content can also be considered.
The technology would be highly suitable for cash crops especially those used for oil production.
Global Seeds Market Global Seeds Market is projected to reach $73.6 billion by 2021, thereby witnessing a growth of CAGR 9.9%. The increasing global population is escalating the demand for food and thereby increased use of seeds. The global commercial seed sector is intended to grow at a faster pace due to its higher performance in terms of higher yield and output in the time of shrinking arable land globally. In addition, rising demand for biofuels is exerting pressure on agriculture to increase production of crops such as Corn, which is a key ingredient in ethanol production.
Conventional crop seeds like cereal, grains and oilseeds accounts for 52% of the market share while the market growth would be higher in case of GM crops at CAGR 10.2%. Major GM crops identified here are soyabean, corn, cotton and canola.
The technology adopters would be able to shorten their production time, reduce the cost of maintaining the crops and increase the mass of the targeted product.