With the retirement of massive amount of end-of-life lithium ion batteries (LIBs), proper disposal of the hazardous wastes and cost-effective valorization of useful materials have become increasingly pressing and attracted extensive attention worldwide. The state-of-the-art recycling technologies, which are generally based on chemical leaching methods, have critical issues of enormous chemicals consumption, secondary pollution and tedious procedures.
The technology relates to an innovative redox targeting-based process for the recycling of spent lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries. With 0.20M of ferrocyanide [Fe(CN)6]3- solution as a selective and regenerative redox mediator, LiFePO4 is readily broken down into FePO4 and Li+ via the redox-targeting reaction. An Li-removal efficiency of 99.8% has been achieved with 50 minutes reaction at ambient conditions. The reacted redox species [Fe(CN)6]4- are instantaneously regenerated on the electrode for subsequent round of reaction while Li+ ion is separated from the counter electrode compartment as lithium hydroxide (LiOH).
The technology provider is currently seeking industry partner to scale-up and commercialise the technology.
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